OSINT – Shining Path

Also Known As: SL; Sendero Luminoso; Ejercito Guerrillero Popular (People’s Guerrilla Army); EGP; Ejercito Popular de Liberacion (People’s Liberation Army); EPL; Partido Comunista del Peru (Communist Party of Peru); PCP; Partido Comunista del Peru en el Sendero Luminoso de Jose Carlos Mariategui (Communist Party of Peru on the Shining Path of Jose Carlos Mariategui); Socorro Popular del Peru (People’s Aid of Peru); SPP

Description:  The United States designated Shining Path, a Peruvian Maoist guerilla group, Abimael Guzman, a FTO on October 8, 1997.

Targets: Key targets of Shining Path include Peruvian military and civic leaders.

Activities: Shining has executed numerous attacks against its targets, including raids and bombings. Shining Path members have destroyed telephone towers and government vehicles, and have picked off lone Peruvian soldiers. Its current leader is Victor Quispe Palomino (also known as Comrade Jose).

Diplomacy: Shining Path is known to work in concert with Peruvian DTOs.

Strength:  Estimated to be approximately 300-500.

AO: Peru, centralized in the Apurimac, Ene, and Montaro River Valley (VRAEM)

Funding and External Aid:  Shining Path is funded by TNOC, mostly by acting as mercenary protection for Peru’s narcotics trade.

Shining Path AO, courtesy of InSight Crime

Shining Path AO, courtesy of InSight Crime

Local Media:

Andina. Sendero Luminoso.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

El Comerico. Sendero Luminoso.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Peruvian Times. Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

La Republica. Sendero Luminoso.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Global Media:

Al Jazeera. Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

BBC. Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

CNN. Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

CNN. Shining Path rebels stage comeback in Peru.” April 21, 2009. Accessed January 7, 2015.

Foreign Affairs. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Foreign Policy. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

The Guardian. “Peru fears new generation will follow Shining Path’s road to violence.” July 25, 2012. Accessed January 7, 2015.

NPR. Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

NYT. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Reuters. Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

VICE News. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

VOA. Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

WaPo. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Think Tanks / Academic:

AEI. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Brookings. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

CFR. “Shining Path, Tupac Amaru.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

CSIS. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

CTC. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

FAS. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

ICG. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

InSight Crime. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

The National Security Archive. “The Search for Truth: The Declassified Record on Human Rights Abuses in Peru.” August 28, 2003.

TRAC. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Government:

Congressional Record. PERU AND THE CAPTURE OF ABIMAEL GUZMAN (Senate – October 02, 1992).” Accessed January 7, 2015.

DEA. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2014.

Defense Department. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

DHS. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

DIA. “Annual Threat Assessment.” February 11, 2014.

Justice Department. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

State Department. “Shining Path.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

State Department. “AL-SHABAAB.” Chapter 6: Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Country Reports on Terrorism 2013.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission. “Final Report.” 2003.

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