OSINT – PKK

 

Also Known As: Kurdistan Workers’ Party; Kurdistan Freedom and Democracy Congress; the Freedom and Democracy Congress of Kurdistan; KADEK; Partiya Karkeran Kurdistan; the People’s Defense Force; Halu Mesru Savunma Kuvveti; Kurdistan People’s Congress; People’s Congress of Kurdistan; KONGRA-GEL

Description:  Abdullah Ocalan founded the PKK as a Marxist organization in 1978. The United States designated the group, a Kurdish separatist paramilitary force, as a FTO on October 8, 1997.

Targets: Key targets of PKK include Turkish military members, as well as IS targets of opportunity in Syrian and Iraqi Kurdistan.

Activities: Major activities include a rural insurgency in Eastern Turkey, sporadic urban terrorism in Turkey (with over 45,000 casualties), and disputed peace talks with the Turkish Government moderated by Ocalan.

Diplomacy: The PKK has a Northern Syrian (Rojava) affiliate, the YPG. Furthermore, the PKK has stood with YPG, ISF, and peshmerga forces against IS.

Strength:  Estimated to be 4,000 – 5,000, with about 3,000 in Iraqi Kurdistan

AO: Kurdistan (Eastern Turkey, Northern Iraq, and Northern Syria)

Funding and External Aid:  The PKK is funded through TNOC and remittances from Kurds abroad.

 

Local Media:

Al Monitor. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Hurriyet. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Iraqi News. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Lions of Rojava. Facebook. Accessed January 7, 2015.

Lions of Rojava. Twitter. Accessed January 7, 2015.

NINA. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

PKK Online. Accessed January 7, 2015.

Rojava Breaking News. Facebook. Accessed January 7, 2015.

The Rojava Report. Accessed January 7, 2015.

The Rojava Report. Twitter. Accessed January 7, 2015.

Sabah. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Today’s Zaman. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

 

Global Media:

Al Jazeera. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

BBC. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

BBC. Profile: The PKK.” March 21, 2013. Accessed January 7, 2015.

CNN. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

DW.“PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Foreign Affairs. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Foreign Policy. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

The Guardian. “‘Their fight is our fight’: Kurds rush from across Turkey to defend Kobani.” September 26, 2014. Accessed January 7, 2015.

NPR. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

NYT. “Kurdish Rebel Group to Withdraw From Turkey.” April 25, 2013. Accessed January 7, 2015.

Reuters. Kurdistan Workers Party.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

VICE News. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

VOA. PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

WaPo. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

 

Think Tanks / Academic:

AEI. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

Brookings. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

CFR. “Inside the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK).” October 19, 2007. Accessed January 7, 2015.

CSIS. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

CTC. “PKK.” Accessed December 26, 2014. Accessed January 7, 2015.

FAS. “Kurdistan Workers’ Party.” May 21, 2004. Accessed January 7, 2015.

Global Security. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

ICG. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

ISW. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

TRAC. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

 

Government:

Defense Department. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

DIA. “Annual Threat Assessment.” February 11, 2014.

NCTC. “Domestic Terrorism in Turkey.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

State Department. “PKK.” Accessed January 7, 2015.

State Department. “KURDISTAN WORKERS’ PARTY.” Chapter 6: Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Country Reports on Terrorism 2013.

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