OSINT – Real IRA

Also Known As: RIRA; Real Irish Republican Army; 32 County Sovereignty Committee; 32 County Sovereignty Movement; Irish Republican Prisoners Welfare Association; Real Oglaigh Na hEireann

Description:  The United States designated the Real IRA as an FTO on May 16, 2001. The Real IRA came into existence in 1997 as the paramilitary branch of the 32 County Sovereignty Movement in order to unite Ireland and to remove the British presence in the north. The Real IRA has refused to recognize the Northern Ireland Peace Process, and remains a violent armed non-state actor.

Targets: The Real IRA tends to target members of British law enforcement, especially in Northern Ireland, as well as British civilians.

Activities: The Real IRA has utilized terrorist tactics honed by the IRA, such as mail bombings – “(most notoriously in the Omagh bombing in August 1998)” – and targeted assassinations with small arms.

Diplomacy: The Real IRA has worked in concert with youth groups and the Continuity Irish Republican Army against drug dealers and the U.K. Government.

Strength:  The Real IRA has a central cadre with 100 members.

AO: U.K. and Ireland

Funding and External Aid:  The Real IRA is funded by Irish Republicans and sympathizers in the United States.

Real IRA AO, courtesy of the BBC

Real IRA AO, courtesy of the BBC

Local Media:

Belfast Telegraph. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

The Irish News. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

News Letter. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Global Media:

Al Jazeera. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

BBC. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Foreign Policy. “Al-Shabaab.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

The Guardian. “Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

The Independent. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

NPR. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

NYT. Drugs and Politics Stoke Ireland Gang War.” December 5, 2012. Accessed December 26, 2014.

NYT. “Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Reuters. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

The Telegraph. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

The Times. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

VICE News. “Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

VOA. Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Think Tanks / Academic:

Brookings. “Real IRA.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

CFR. “A Conversation with Gerry Adams.” March 14, 2005. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CFR. “IRA Splinter Groups (U.K., separatists).” May 21, 2008. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CFR. “The Northern Ireland Peace Process.” February 3, 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CRS. “Real IRA.” May 21, 2004. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CRS. “Northern Ireland: The Peace Process.” January 8, 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CSIS. “Real IRA.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Global Security. “Real IRA.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

ICG. “Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

TRAC. “Real IRA.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Government:

DIA. “Annual Threat Assessment.” February 11, 2014.

State Department. “Real IRA.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

State Department. “Real IRA.” Chapter 6: Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Country Reports on Terrorism 2013.

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