OSINT – FARC

Also Known As: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia; Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia

Description:  The United States designated FARC, “Latin America’s oldest, largest, most violent, and best-equipped terrorist organization,” as a FTO on October 8, 1997. FARC originated from the liberal self-defense forces within Colombia in 1964 before morphing into an armed Marxist group. Later, FARC transformed into a DTO.

Targets: FARC tends to target members of the Colombian Government and the Fuerzas Militares de Colombia. FARC will also engage targets of opportunity in Colombia, such as Americans Marc Gonsalves, Keith Stansell, and Thomas Howe.

Activities: FARC has adopted ‘low-cost, high-impact asymmetric attacks,” such as sniping, mortar attacks, and laying landmines, in its war of attrition against the Colombian Government.

Diplomacy: FARC had worked in concert with the ELN against the Colombian Government.

Propaganda: FARC maintains numerous websites in Spanish and in English to promulgate its agenda.

 Strength:  FARC has about 8,000-9,000 personnel with thousands of Colombian sympathizers.

AO: Colombia

Funding and External Aid:  FARC uses TNOC, such narcotics smuggling, and ransom, to fund its operations.

FARC AO, courtesy of the NCTC

FARC AO, courtesy of the NCTC

Local Media:

Bloque Martin Caballero. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Colombia Reports. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

El Colombiano. FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

FARC-EP. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Farc-EPeace. Accessed December 26, 2014.

El Espectador. FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Nuevo Diario. FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

El Nuevo Siglo. FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

La Republica. FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Semana.FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

El Tiempo. FARC” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Global Media:

Al Jazeera. FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

BBC. FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

BBC. Profiles: Colombia’s armed groups.” August 29, 2013. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CNN. FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Foreign Affairs. “FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Foreign Policy. “FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

The Guardian. “FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

NPR. FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

NYT. “FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Reuters. FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

VICE News. “FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

VOA. FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

WaPo. “FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Think Tanks / Academic:

AEI. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Brookings. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

CFR. “FARC, ELN: Colombia’s Left-Wing Guerrillas.” December 1, 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CRS. “Colombia: Background, U.S. Relations, and Congressional Interest.” November 28, 2012. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CRS. “Peace Talks in Colombia.” April 3, 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CRS. “Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.” June 18, 2008. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CRS. “Terrorism and Transnational Crime: Foreign Policy Issues for Congress.” June 11, 2013. Accessed December 26, 2014.

CSIS. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

CTC. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

ICG. “Colombia.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

In Sight Crime. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Stanford University. “FARC.” Mapping Militant Organizations. 2012.  Accessed December 26, 2014.

START. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

STRATFOR. “Colombia’s New Counterinsurgency Plan.” March 29, 2012. Accessed December 26, 2014.

TRAC. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Wilson Center. “The FARC and Colombia’s Illegal Drug Trade.” November 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

Government: 

DEA. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Defense Department. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

Defense Department. “Hagel Reaffirms U.S. Commitment to Partnership With Colombia.” October 11, 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

DIA. “Annual Threat Assessment.” February 11, 2014.

Embassy of Colombia, Washington, D.C. “U.S.-Colombia Security Partnership.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

NCTC. “Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

State Department. “FARC.” 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014.

State Department. “FARC.” Chapter 6: Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Country Reports on Terrorism 2013.

VOA Spanish. “FARC.” Accessed December 26, 2014.

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