Ten men associated with the terrorist group Lashkar-e-Tayyiba killed 164 civilians in Mumbai, with the epicenter at the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower Hotel between November 26-29, 2008. American David Coleman Headley (Daood Gilani) and Canadian Tahawwur Hussain Rana provided logistical support to the attackers.
New revelations from a joint investigation from the NYT, PBS Frontline, and ProPublica, suggest that Western intelligence agencies were monitoring Zarrar Shah, the technical chief and operations officer of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, and warned India of a possible attack before the Mumbai Massacre.
Key findings from the report include:
- British intelligence spied on Zarrar Shah starting in September 2008.
- India intelligence also monitored Shah.
- “The United States was unaware of the two agencies’ efforts, American officials say, but had picked up signs of a plot through other electronic and human sources, and warned Indian security officials several times in the months before the attack” (June 2008).
- “What happened next may rank among the most devastating near-misses in the history of spycraft. The intelligence agencies of the three nations did not pull together all the strands gathered by their high-tech surveillance and other tools, which might have allowed them to disrupt a terror strike so scarring that it is often called India’s 9/11.”
Blogadda. “Live Blogging – Mumbai Terrorist Attacks.” November 26-29, 2008. Accessed December 27, 2014.
CNN. “Mumbai Terror Attacks Fast Facts.” November 19, 2014. Accessed December 27, 2014.
CNN. “Terror in Mumbai.” July 21, 2009. Accessed December 27, 2014.
The Indian Express. “As UK, US and India watched, Lashkar man Zarrar Shah plotted 26/11.” December 23, 2014. Accessed December 27, 2014.
NDTV. “US Worked With Intelligence Agencies to Stop Terror Attacks.” December 23, 2014. Accessed December 27, 2014.
NYT. “Missed Signals Before the Mumbai Attacks.” December 21, 2014. Accessed December 27, 2014.
PBS. “Mumbai Massacre.” Secrets of the Dead. November 25, 2009. Accessed December 27, 2014.
PBS. “Web of Terror.” December 2014.