Senate Intelligence Committee Study on CIA Detention and Interrogation Program

Torture Report Image, from Ayatollah Khamenei's Twitter

Torture Report Image, from Ayatollah Khamenei’s Twitter

The Senate Intelligence Committee released its report on the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program in the wake of 9/11 and the Global War on Terror on December 9, 2014. Key findings include:

#1: The CIA’s use of its enhanced interrogation techniques was not an effective means of
acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees.

#2: The CIA’s justification for the use of its enhanced interrogation techniques rested on
inaccurate claims of their effectiveness.

#3: The interrogations of CIA detainees were brutal and far worse than the CIA
represented to policymakers and others.

#4: The conditions of confinement for CIA detainees were harsher than the CIA had
represented to policymakers and others.

#5: The CIA repeatedly provided inaccurate information to the Department of Justice,
impeding a proper legal analysis of the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program.

#6: The CIA has actively avoided or impeded congressional oversight of the program.

#7: The CIA impeded effective White House oversight and decision-making.

#8: The CIA’s operation and management of the program complicated, and in some cases
impeded, the national security missions of other Executive Branch agencies.

#9; The CIA impeded oversight by the CIA’s Office of Inspector General.

#10: The CIA coordinated the release of classified information to the media, including
inaccurate information concerning the effectiveness of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation
techniques.

#11: The CIA was unprepared as it began operating its Detention and Interrogation
Program more than six months after being granted detention authorities.

#12: The CIA’s management and operation of its Detention and Interrogation Program
was deeply flawed throughout the program’s duration, particularly so in 2002 and early
2003.

#13: Two contract psychologists devised the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques and
played a central role in the operation, assessments, and management of the CIA’s
Detention and Interrogation Program. By 2005, the CIA had overwhelmingly outsourced
operations related to the program.

#14: CIA detainees were subjected to coercive interrogation techniques that had not been
approved by the Department of Justice or had not been authorized by CIA Headquarters.

#15: The CIA did not conduct a comprehensive or accurate accounting of the number of
individuals it detained, and held individuals who did not meet the legal standard for
detention. The CIA’s claims about the number of detainees held and subjected to its
enhanced Interrogation techniques were inaccurate.

#16: The CIA failed to adequately evaluate the effectiveness of its enhanced interrogation
techniques.

#17: The CIA rarely reprimanded or held personnel accountable for serious and
significant violations, inappropriate activities, and systemic and individual management
failures.

#18: The CIA marginalized and ignored numerous internal critiques, criticisms, and
objections concerning the operation and management of the CIA’s Detention and
Interrogation Program.

#19; The CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program was inherently unsustainable and
had effectively ended by 2006 due to unauthorized press disclosures, reduced cooperation
from other nations, and legal and oversight concerns.

#20; The CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program damaged the United States’
standing in the world, and resulted in other significant monetary and non-monetary costs.

 

Black Site Locations, courtesy of HP

Black Site Locations, courtesy of HP

See the full report and annex materials at: http://www.feinstein.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?p=senate-intelligence-committee-study-on-cia-detention-and-interrogation-program

NYT's Timeline of the Torture Debate after 9/11

NYT’s Timeline of the Torture Debate after 9/11

Insightful secondary source materials responding to the report include:

AJ: http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/4/9/senate-cia-torture.html

Bloomberg: http://www.businessweek.com/news/2014-12-10/blame-praise-shrug-global-media-covers-u-dot-s-dot-torture

CFR: http://www.cfr.org/terrorism/senate-intelligence-committee-study-central-intelligence-agencys-detention-interrogation-program/p33919

CNN: http://www.cnn.com/interactive/2014/12/politics/torture-report/

HP: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/12/15/torture-report-international-reaction_n_6327694.html

The Intercept: https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/12/19/senior-cia-officer-center-torture-scandals-alfreda-bikowsky/

The National Security Archive: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/torture_archive/report.html

Newsweek: http://www.newsweek.com/whats-impact-cia-torture-report-292181

NPR: http://www.npr.org/2014/04/03/298779799/senate-torture-report-takes-a-step-closer-to-becoming-public

NYT: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/12/09/world/cia-torture-report-document.html

Politico: http://www.politico.com/story/2014/12/cia-torture-report-113420.html

WaPo: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/12/10/how-the-axis-of-evil-responded-to-the-senates-cia-report/

WSJ: http://www.wsj.com/video/senate-intelligence-committee-report-on-torture/D5EB4B8F-7AD6-4F9D-87CA-5386AA811089.html

 

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